The limits of democratization discussed in this book reflect the evolved diversity of life. This means that all nations do not have equal chances to establish and maintain democratic systems.
A central conclusion is that it is probably never possible to achieve the same level and quality of democracy in all countries of the world because of the impact of the two ultimate constraining factors (annual mean temperature and national IQ), which are outside conscious human control. We should learn to accept the fact that because of the evolved human diversity, we are bound to live in a world of many kinds of disparities, including inequalities in the quality of democracy and in the possibilities to enjoy similar political rights and civil liberties.
About the Author
Tatu Vanhanen is Emeritus Professor of Political Science of the University of Tampere, Finland, and a visiting researcher at the department of Political Science, University of Helsinki.
He studied at the University of Tampere and became Doctor of Social Sciences in 1968. Before his academic career he worked in the 1960s as the chief of information and research department of the Agrarian/Center Party, Helsinki. He has held positions at the University of Jyväskylä (1969-72), the Academy on Finland (1972-74), and the University of Tampere (Associated Professor of Political Science) in 1974-92.
His main works have been on the comparative study of democratization, on ethnic conflict and violence, and on the application of evolutionary ideas to the study of politics and human conditions. His latest books include Prospects of Democracy: A study of 172 countries (1997), Ethnic Conflicts Explained by Ethnic Nepotism (1999), (jointly with Yrjö Agmavaara) Geenien tulo yhteiskuntatieteisiin (=the coming of genes to social sciences) (2001), (jointly with Richard Lynn)IQ and the Wealth of Nations (2002), Democratization: A comparative analysis of 170 countries (2003), (jointly with Richard Lynn) IQ and Global Inequality (2006), and Globaalit ongelmat (=global problems) (2008).